Working with objects configuration.

1C:Enterprise 8 system consists of two parts: an integrated framework (aka
'1C:Enterprise 8 platform') and a set of applied solutions created and executed in the framework.
The framework and an applied solution together constitute a business application
that end-users usually interact with while performing their everyday routines. The
framework itself is not software for end-users, thought it's always supplied as part of any business application.

The procedure of working with configuration of the objects is dependent on the commercial sector, for which automation was the configuration created.
Normally, the configuration development process includes creating user descriptions for the objects configuration in which their use is explained. To display the user description of an object, you have to call the object (for example, by using the menu operations), and press the F1 key.

If there is no description for the user object, then a general description of working with forms will be displayed.

This section of the manual contains a brief explanation of the general methods for working with different types of configuration objects:

• Constants

In the 1C: Enterprise system constants are typically used to store information that changes very little or not at all during system operation. The simplest example of this type of information is writing the company name.
Using constants makes your work a lot easier, because you need to enter some information only once and from this point on you can use it to create documents, to perform calculations and so on.
For example you can type the company name in a specially declared constant. You can then use this constant in many different forms, by selecting the appropriate value (call the name of the company). If the company name changes, you simply make a single change in the constants. These changes are made automatically each time you use the constants.

• Catalogues

You can call on the catalogue form with the help of different methods defined in the configuration on the monitor.
In order to access the catalog and edit it, select the option Operations - Catalog. A list of available in the system catalogs will be displayed. Select the name of the catalog from the list and click OK. A window with the selected catalog will be displayed on the screen.

• Document and document Journals

In the 1C: Enterprise system, data on economic transactions of the company is entered using documents of different types a list of different types of documents (document journal) appears. When you set up the configuration you need to set up documents and create lists and document journals, which are required to display.
The number of the usable document journals is determined by the user rights and is fixed in design.
Document journals are intended only for the simplified display of document lists. Documents are not tied to certain journals. The set of documents displayed in a particular journal is completely determined by the configuration. It is possible that the same document appears in several journals.

• Reports and processing
• Diagrams of the characteristics types

With the diagrams of the characteristics types you can store the secondary characteristics of properties, e.g., secondary qualities of articles (weight, paint, dimensions).
With the diagrams of the characteristics types the analytic balance is implemented for main accounts (not for subordinate ones). This object describes the possible characteristics the usual analytical accounting needs, for example, nomenclature, contracts, etc.
The diagrams of the characteristics types can be equated with look at the methods of the work with properties of a certain type practically with catalogues.
In the 1C: Enterprise mode, you can enter new types of characteristics.
Users can access the mode of input of new items and folders, as well as of editing and deleting already existing items and folders.
A diagram of the characteristics types can be predefined and included in the configuration created elements. They cannot be deleted in the 1C: Enterprise mode, but can be edited.
Predefined elements are distinguished from custom elements by the symbol visually.

• Chart of accounts

A chart of accounts (COA) is a set of compiled accounts that allows you to group data on the economic processes in an operating business. With the help of the data stored in these accounts, the user can derive a complete picture of the monetary funds of the enterprise.
The 1C: Enterprise system offers flexible options for the management of COA. In fact, the necessary reservation system is organized by the chart of accounts. Charts of accounts are created in the designer.
The 1C: Enterprise system can include multiple charts of accounts. In addition, accounting in all charts of accounts at the same time is possible.

• Diagrams of the calculations types

Complex calculations are usually made of several types of calculations or contain intermediate results with independent meaning which must be stored.
The wage of an employee includes, for example, the following intercalculations:
Calculation of the basic relations (wage or salary payments);
Calculation of deviations (vacation, illness);
Calculation of additional income (bonuses, extra payments, dividends);
Calculation of taxes and other deductions (income tax, alimonies);
Other transfer payments (e.g., contributions to the health and pension insurance);
Calculation of net remuneration.
When calculating the salaries of employees, many intermediate results of the calculation are stored to be used later (e.g. to be sent to government authorities). Moreover you can use the calculation types which are grouped in diagrams.

• Register

The main purpose of registers in the 1C: Enterprise system is to store information entered on the basis of documents.
As a rule, users do not work with the stored data in the registers directly. This data will be retrieved using various reports and processes.